What Is An Oral And Maxillofacial Surgeon?

Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons are dentists specializing in surgery of the mouth, face and jaws. An Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon must first graduate from an accredited dental school and then must complete additional post doctorate training in an accredited, hospital-based Oral and Maxillofacial surgery residency program.

After four years of dental school, an Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon will receive four to seven years of hospital-based surgical and medical training, preparing him to perform a wide range of surgical procedures.

What Does Maxillofacial Mean?

Maxillofacial refers to the face and jaws. Thus, “Oral and Maxillofacial” surgery includes the areas of the mouth, face and jaws – areas that would require the expertise of the Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon.

Where Will My Surgery Take Place?

Most of our surgeries are performed at the Dental Centre. Some of our more complicated surgeries are performed in the hospital either as an outpatient or inpatient procedure. We operate at various hospitals.

What Procedures Does An Oral And Maxillofacial Surgeon Do?
Procedures carried out by an Oral & Maxillofacial surgeon include:

  • Dentoalveolar Surgery
    • 1. Removal of Impacted Wisdom Teeth
    • 2. Surgical Exposure of Impacted Teeth and other Orthodontic-Related Procedures
    • 3. Surgical Root Canal Therapy/Surgical Endodontics
    • 4. Preprosthetic Surgery/Modifying the Jaws for Dentures
    • 5. Sinus Lift
    • 6. Dental Implants to Replace Absent Teeth
  • Orthognathic Surgery (Jaw Surgery)
  • Reconstructive Surgery
    • 1. Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Repair
    • 2. Craniofacial Surgery (Correction of Deformities of the Forehead and Upper face)
  • Facial and Jaw Trauma Surgery
  • Management of Oral Pathology
  • Management of Oral and Jaw Cancers
  • Management of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
  • Salivary Gland Surgery
  • Facial Cosmetic Surgery
  • Management of Maxillofacial Infection
  • Management of Maxillofacial Pain Disorders

Impacted Teeth

An impacted tooth simply means that it is “stuck” and cannot erupt into function. Patients frequently develop problems with impacted third molar (wisdom) teeth. These teeth get stuck in the back of the jaw and can develop painful infections, among a host of other problems. Since there is rarely a functional need for wisdom teeth, they are usually extracted if they develop problems. The maxillary cuspid (upper eye) tooth is the second most common tooth to become impacted.

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Surgical Root Canal Therapy/Surgical Endodontics

Surgical endodontics or surgical root canal therapy refers to any surgical procedure performed to treat inflammatory conditions involving the dental pulp or the root tip region of a tooth. Surgical endodontics is needed when a regular root canal treatment cannot be done or when it has not worked.

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Prosthetic Surgery/Modifying The Jaw for Dentures

When a denture is made, it relies on the tissue and bone for support. After teeth are extracted, sometimes the bone is uneven and has sharp areas. By smoothing these areas, the denture is more comfortable to wear and easier to adjust to. There are also times when there is too much bone present and the denture cannot fit over the ridge. In these cases, some bone is also removed to allow for a better fitting and more comfortable denture.

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Dental Implants

One of the newest ways to replace missing teeth is quickly becoming one of the most popular among patients and dentists alike. An innovative alternative to dentures and bridges, dental implants act as artificial roots that anchor your new teeth in place for greater support and stability. Because our implants are custom designed for a perfect fit, it’s almost like having your natural teeth back again.

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Orthognathic Surgery (Jaw Surgery)

Patients may need corrective jaw surgery and/or orthodontic treatment when their jaws do not line up properly or when their teeth do not fit. Jaw surgery can correct numerous minor and major skeletal and dental irregularities, allowing patients to experience improved speaking, chewing and breathing.

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Facial & Jaw Trauma Surgery

Injury to the mouth or face can be very traumatic. Not only does it cause physical damage, but it also can impact the person emotionally. These types of injuries are caused by accidents involving sports, cars, altercations, and work.

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Oral Pathology

This is concerned with the diagnosis, study and treatment of the causes and effects of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions (i.e. the mouth, the jaws and face). Your mouth and face are areas where one can see changes easily. If you happen to notice any changes, contact our specialists right away. Early diagnosis and treatment could make a significant difference in your results.

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Cysts & Tumours of the Jaw & Mouth

Cysts and tumours of the jaw and mouth are disease conditions that may severely affect your life. A tumour is an abnormal swelling due to abnormal tissue growth. A cyst on the other hand, is an abnormal fluid-filled cavity in the bone or soft tissue, quite often lined by an epithelial layer.

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Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders

TMJ disorders are a family of problems related to your jaw joint. If you have had symptoms like pain or a “clicking” sound, you’ll be glad to know that these problems are more easily diagnosed and treated than they were in the past. These symptoms occur when the joints of the jaw and the chewing muscles do not work together correctly.

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Sinus Lift

The maxillary sinuses are behind your cheeks and on top of the upper teeth. Sinuses are like empty rooms that have nothing in them. Some of the roots of the natural upper teeth extend up into the maxillary sinuses. When these upper teeth are removed, there is often just a thin wall of bone separating the maxillary sinus and the mouth.

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Cosmetic Maxillofacial Surgery

Cosmetic maxillofacial surgery is used to repair physical malformations resulting from disease, injury, burns, birth defects or aging. It may also serve to restore normal function and improve individual appearance. Cosmetic maxillofacial surgery can be performed using a variety of techniques, and several different procedures are available to correct specific conditions.

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